|FEBRURY, on cancer, diabetes, & menstruation|
|DIET MAY PREVENT UP TO 50% OF BREAST CANCER CASES
A healthy diet and lifestyle, particularly if begun before puberty,
may prevent up to half of breast cancer cases, according to a
landmark report on diet and cancer risk from the American Institute
for Cancer Research.|
A review of 17 studies showed that women who consumed the most
vegetables faced a 25% lower breast cancer risk than those who ate
the least. Another study, reported in Nutrition and Cancer, found
that women who ate the most vegetables had a 60% lower risk than
those who ate the least. Vegetables contain thousands of natural
phytochemicals that together are believed to benefit breast health.
One such group, called indoles, is found is cruciferous vegetables
like broccoli, cabbage, and cauliflower, and seem to boost enzymes
that make estrogen less effective at promoting breast cancer.
In addition, a new study in the New England Journal of Medicine
addresses the ongoing question of whether cancer is environmental or
genetic. The study showed that while inherited tendencies play a role
in a woman's risk of breast cancer, diet and lifestyle seem to have
far greater influence for most. The study's researchers recommend
that women eat a plant-based diet in moderate portions for weight
WHOLE GRAINS LOWER DIABETES RISK
Squeezing some bran or other whole grains into your daily diet can
reduce the risk of Type 2 diabetes, a new study finds.
Researchers at Harvard Medical School in Boston studied more than
75,000 women ages 38 to 63 who had neither heart disease nor diabetes
when the study began in 1984. The woman kept food diaries and their
health status was tracked for 10 years. Researchers found that women
who ate the most whole grains had a 38% lower risk of developing Type
2 diabetes. Women who ate the least whole grains faced a 31% greater
risk of the disease.
Adding two servings of whole grains to your meals every day (the
equivalent of two slices of bread or a cup of brown rice) may cut
your risk for diabetes by as much as one-third, researchers report.
Whole grains may be so protective against diabetes, they say, because
they lower blood sugar and prevent the body from having to produce
more insulin to process the food. Type 2 diabetes is the result of
the body's ability to properly process insulin.
Type 2 diabetes is a growing threat in the United States. According
to the American Diabetes Association, approximately 16 million
Americans have diabetes.
This study is published in the September 2000 issue of the American
Journal of Public Health.
MENSTRUATION TRIGGERS MIGRAINES
New research reveals that more women experience painful migraines
during the first two days of their menstrual cycles than at any other
time of the month.
For the study, 81 women with clinically diagnosed migraine headaches
kept detailed diaries of their headaches for about three months.
Participants were also asked to record symptoms and the extent of
their disability, such as days missed at work and reduced
productivity. The study revealed that 28% of the migraines without an
aura (visual symptoms like blind spots or lights) reported by women
took place in the four days at the beginning of menstruation.
Studies indicate 70% of migraine sufferers are women. Known migraine
triggers include red wine and Chinese food with MSG.
This study was published in the Nov. 28, 2000 issue of Neurology.